A container manufacturer will need to have specific control settings and loading procedures to be able to assure that cargo will survive shipping with full protection of the goods to prevent spoilage. Without the proper techniques followed, and depending on the environment, significant loss percentages of cargo will result.
Reefer should meet intermodal transport regulations with regards to size and accommodations for transport by ship, rail and truck and type of refrigeration method. Here’s a list of settings requirements and loading procedures to help assure transport will be achieved without incident:
1. Set the refer container temperature for the optimum conditions of the cargo. Most reefer cargo (50 plus percent) contains fruit and veggies, and the other 40 % contains meats and fish. Each type has specific setting and loading requirements. Settings would typically be set because of fresh cargo being forced to be chilled, or frozen.
2. Set the ventilation level, which is, the airflow rate from the reefer, rated in CBM (cubic meters) hourly. Ventilation is usually from the bottom of the reefer to the top. Ventilation for chilled (not frozen) produce must flow around and through packaging. Ventilation for frozen cargo should be closed, that is certainly, just round the cargo.
3. Set the humidity control for maximum conditions depending on cargo.
4. Load the cargo. Cargo type will dictate load methods and restrictions. Cargo ought to be secured to ensure that, once loaded, it does not move during shipment. Loaded cargo should never violate the utmost red-load line, which establishes the utmost height of cargo inside the reefer container manufacturer, to enable proper airflow go back to the refrigeration unit.
5. Airflow should not be restricted from the proper flow around and through the cargo. This can depend on the kind of cargo and whether it be chilled or frozen. However, if there are significant gaps around the cargo, or excessively large chimneys in between the cargo, airflow will seek these paths of least resistance and minimize proper airflow where it is necessary to maintain proper cargo temperature and humidity.
6. Close and seal the reefer. Prepare appropriate shipping and regulatory documents. If marine anchor manufacturer has been properly loaded and sealed with temperature, humidity and airflow at appropriate set-points, the container should qcovcf secure without need to open it anytime with the transport process unless regulatory control requires in-shipment inspection.
A properly loaded and shipped reefer should provide adequate protection and repair of goods from start to finish in the shipping cycle. Refrigerated shipping containers are often called reefers. A reefer is described as “a refrigerator (especially one big enough to get walked into), a refrigerator car, ship or truck.” Reefers play an important role in global trade. They allow companies to ship items like fruits, vegetables, dairy products along with other items requiring refrigeration when in transit. Reefers ensure goods are shipped on the optimal temperature, humidity and ventilation levels required for the product they may be transporting. Reefer containers are typically fitted with individual refrigeration units that hook in directly using the cargo or reefer ships’ electrical supply.
Refrigerated container vessels are specially designed to enable the transport of individual refrigerated container units and they are usually found in special regions of the ships cargo hold. Some modern ships contain water cooling systems and some reefers are fitted with redundant cooling systems to ensure perishable cargo is not spoiled because of a refrigeration unit going bad.